Wine has been produced and enjoyed for thousands of years, and though technology has improved in many ways, the process remains essentially the same as it has always been. The wine making process has three basic steps: the crushing of the grapes (or other fruit), fermentation, and aging. The process is much simpler than some readers may think. In fact, waiting for the wine is the most difficult part! Lets investigate each of these steps in detail.
First, the grapes are tested for ripeness. If they are determined to be ripe enough, they are then crushed. One well-known technique for crushing grapes is to put them in a bucket and step on them barefooted.
Next, the juice is put into a steel tank for fermentation. This is the step in the wine making process that causes the juice to become alcoholic. Also, it is during this step that the distinction between white and red wine takes place. In making red wine, the seeds are left in with the juice and skins; seeds are removed to make white wine. To aid in the fermentation process, yeast is added to the juice.
After the juice has been allowed to ferment, it is then transferred to an oak barrel and aged. Wine can be aged for any amount of time. A common rule of thumb is that wine that has been aged for longer is higher-quality. After the wine has been aged for the desired amount of time, it is then bottled and sold.
These are the basic steps that are involved in the wine making process. Obviously different wine makers have different ways of doing things, and different varieties of wine are made slightly differently, but the basic process is similar for all wines.